The failed coup’s inside story

By Cemil Ertem

The attempted coup on July 15, 2016 was the consequence of a process that started in 2013. First of all, this bloody attempted coup was a consequence of a primitive and outdated political view that denies human reason. Therefore, we need to oppose it without objection.

Like all other coups, the night of July 15 was the finale of an economic and political process. Certainly, I am not talking about a crisis and a state of stringency in the Turkish economy when I say an economic process, on the contrary, the economic foundation of this nefarious attempted coup is based on the crisis that is outside, unlike previous military coups.

The Gülenist Terror Organization (FETÖ), which was the main player in the process of the attempted coup, has been the civil supporter of all coups and attempted coups since the military coup of Sept. 12, 1980. If you look at the sermons that the FETÖ leader, Fethullah Gülen, gave at the Bornova mosque in İzmir before the 1980 coup, you will see that Gülen not only called for a coup, but also advised the military to carry out a massacre. As the public was not able to resist the 1980 coup unlike now, the mass slaughters demanded by this villainous man did not occur, in other words, coup soldiers did not open fire on defenseless people. However, this took place on the night of July 15. The opposite was unimaginable, as Turkey now knows what a coup is. However, the “superior mind” that plotted the July 15 coup attempt and the FETÖ, which is masterminded by this mind, did not take this fact into consideration. The blindness of this structure shows what world they belong to. Indeed, this world has been produced by the basic control industries and politics of the previous century. In other words, this is an economy that has gone through one large crisis since the 1970s and which completely collapsed with the 2008 financial crisis.

Traditional industries such as petrochemical and iron-steel, which keep militarism alive, constitute the backbone of this economy. This is also the basis of the structure that still sustains U.S. militarism and supports civil wars, terrorism and terrorist organizations around the world. This reactionary structure emerged mainly as a result of British expansionism, which sometimes emulates neoconism and sometimes old colonialism, and is still effective in U.S. politics. Gülenists are the Turkey-based vendor of this structure, which can be called a Gladio. During the Cold War, Gülen was the fellow man of this structure in Turkey, and he was never an imam, but an agent that looks like a cleric.

The publications that this structure of U.S. origin published in Turkey before the July 15 coup attempt are quite self-explanatory. For instance, Michael Rubin, a typical neocon who was one of the masterminds of the U.S. President George W. Bush era, asked whether there could be a coup in Turkey in a piece in Europe Newsweek recently. In his article, Rubin presented unbelievable distortions about the economy, saying that the economy and politics would get worse and Turkey would be ungovernable in parallel with rising terrorism. Of course, he said so with many complaints about President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. He then compared Erdoğan to former Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi, suggesting that the Turkish military would not put up with this situation anymore.

Now, we well know that the FETÖ, which attempted to stage a bloody coup in Turkey, and DAESH* terrorist organization are the products of the same process and the same political perspective. The attempted coup in Turkey was no different than the previous terrorist acts in Istanbul, Paris and elsewhere. And it was supported by the global war lobby as well as structures that are nourished by it. In this regard, the U.S.-origin neocon structure is an important example. This political understanding, which survives through undemocratic and pro-war administrations, takes its economic basis from traditional sectors that have remained from the 20th century.

Neocons have never lost their hope for a coup in Turkey like the one in Egypt. To this end, they successfully implemented terrorism and blockade and isolation strategies on the country. With this purpose, PKK and DAESH terror escalated.

On July 15, I remembered Sept. 12, 1980, when the years-long war on terror suddenly ended in one night. Be sure that DAESH’s attack on Istanbul’s Atatürk International Airport on June 28 and the attempted coup of July 15 will go down in Turkey’s history as two incidents that followed one another. A comment piece in the New York Post a couple of days ago said the military always staged coups for stability in Turkey, and wished for the actualization of the coup, saying: “While any coup is tragic, in Turkey there is hope: The military has never tried to retain power; rather, it has always assumed a caretaker role, seeking to repair the constitutional checks and balances in order to return Turkey to democracy.” (

Similarly, Rubin predicted (!) the coup and said in a piece published in Foreign Policy following the attempted coup that the terrorist Gülen is a cleric who spreads religious tolerance and that unjust treatment of Gülenists paved the way for the coup. He wrote: “As soon as Erdogan no longer needed Gülen’s followers, however, he turned on them, confiscating businesses and assets, arresting them on trumped-up charges, and labeling them as terrorists.” (

Even this piece of Rubin’s alone shows us the “superior mind” of the attempted coup and concretely proves that the FETÖ was behind it.

July 15 was the bloody finale of what Turkey has experienced since 2013. This whole process tells us about both the FETÖ and its global and local alliances. As such, the July 15 failed coup attempt is not different from what happened in Egypt, Brazil and the Middle East through PKK and DAESH terrorism. It seems Turkey’s agreement with Israel and rapprochement with Russia disturbed the neocons and these two developments might have applied an earlier date for the coup. This being the case, we must re-evaluate Turkey’s downing of the Russian fighter jet.

From now on, Turkey will proceed on its way in a more confident and stable way. This coup attempt also laid bare the inside story of the terror that Turkey has experienced so far. Let us note that DAESH and the FETÖ are structures of the same “superior mind.” We also know what economic and political process this “superior mind” is a product of. Therefore, Turkey’s war on the FETÖ is global in one respect and this structure is a problem for all humanity. Namely, the “superior mind” behind this coup attempt is the source of global terrorism and wars. But, it is losing.

Turkey survived the coup attempt through its desire for democracy and public resistance to the coup makers. This, beyond any doubt, is a historic turning point. From now on, the Turkish economy will be more open and visible. Turkey’s macroeconomic foundations are sound and we will more rapidly and profoundly carry out democratic reforms both in the economy and politics.

Cemil Ertem is a Turkish economist, journalist and author.

The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official editorial policy of Dispatch News 24.

*DAESH is an Arabic acronym for the so-called Islamic State (IS) group.


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